As the city of Port Moresby grows, the number of urban challenges it faces also increases. One of the issues that rank highly amongst these challenges is urban solid waste management.
Solid waste generation is an inevitable consequence of everyday living for the individual and a by-product of the activities of organizations.
These wastes must be controlled and managed in order to prevent the NCD community from their adverse socioeconomic impacts.
Improper waste management exposes residents to health hazards, makes the city look unclean and pollutes the natural environment.
On a global scale, the presence of waste indicates an unsustainable use of raw materials that continues to put pressure on nature’s ability to provide natural resources necessary to support life. The NCD is PNGs leading producer of municipal solid waste. Approximately 300 tonnes of solid waste are received daily at the city’s only landfill at Baruni. The NCDC spends close to 8% of its annual operating budget on managing solid waste and trends indicate that this amount will continue to rise.
While the Commission remains committed to its duty in providing essential waste management services, more can be done by residents in reducing their wastes and easing the pressure on NCDCs resources. We should also change our perspectives on waste. Waste is a resource from which beneficial products can be made. Increasingly, waste is being re-used and recycled to make everyday goods, compost, fuel and electricity.
The Commission remains focused on working closely with the community and business to implement efficient waste management solutions. The NCD Waste Management Plan 2016–2025: For a Sustainable Port Moresby, is the guiding document for the development of solutions to waste issues in the NCD.
I trust that the NCD community will support this Plan and look for ways, in their own lives, to reduce waste generation and increase recycling efforts and, by doing so, contribute towards making Port Moresby a more sustainable city. I commend this Plan to the NCD community.
Hon. Powes Parkop LLB, LLM Governor of NCD and Chairman of NCDC
NCDC is presently providing collection and disposal services, through private contractors for residential, commercial, school and medical wastes. The municipal solid waste amount generated in NCD in 2015 was 281 tonnes/day, with each resident of NCD generating 0.68 kg/day.
The Waste Management Division (WMD) of NCDC is responsible for SWM in the city. The SWM capabilities of the senior officers and officers of WMD have been significantly strengthened in the last few years due to training overseas and in regional countries and the J-PRISM project.
There is one disposal site at Baruni which has recently been rehabilitated into a semi-aerobic sanitary landfill. There are no intermediate treatment facilities. Some recycling is conducted by the private sector and the waste-picking community at Baruni, but the recycled amount is estimated not to exceed 3% of the total generated waste.