THE National Capital District Commission works at addressing the issues of human empowerment and community building through these areas - Gender, Youth and Sports.
The Commission focuses on three main areas in addressing gender-based issues. These are Economic Empowerment, Health & Wellbeing (including Gender-Based Violence), and Leadership & Good Governance. The Commission works with up to 10,000 Port Moresby women annually in its various empowerment programs by providing capacity-building training through its Social Services (Gender Desk) Division.
Safer City Program: The notable one currently being embarked upon is the Safer City Program undertaken in partnership with UN Women which targets the safety and security of women in markets of Port Moresby, especially Port Moresby’s main market, Gordon Market. The program is continuing and so far has successfully mobilised vendors into registered groups with representation to the NCD Commission. It also identifies unemployed youths resorting to petty crimes at the Market and works at empowering them with skills training to become more useful citizens of Port Moresby.
Gender-Based Violence/Family Sexual Violence: From these collaborative efforts has come a partnership between Gender-oriented organisations in NCD that has given birth to a working committee called the NCD Family Sexual Violence Action Committee. The NCD FSVAC works at fighting the plague of Gender Based Violence (GVB) and Family Sexual Violence (FSV). About 2015, a secretariat was established within NCDC to manage and implement the work of the NCD FSVAC, mostly by dealing with practical cases of GBV and FSV and assisting victims to find referral pathways and final healing and closure. The secretariat runs concurrent with the Gender Desk.
National/NCD Council of Women: The National Capital District Commission also works with women leaders of National Capital District through the NCD Council of Women, a woman’s body registered through the National Department for Community Development, and its sub-branch, the NCD Council of Women. Through its Gender Desk, the NCDC provides technical advice and support to the NCD Council of Women, and works with almost a 100 women leaders from across the 12 wards of NCD.
Youth Empowerment in Papua New Guinea’s urban centres is quite probably every city council’s most challenging task because of the issues every young Papua New Guinean faces. In Port Moresby, these issues are almost common across the broad spectrum of the city’s unemployed youth demographic – incomplete formal education, rural-urban drift frequency, lack of skills, unemployment, lack of financial capacity, and the list may continue.
Although challenging because of the fluidity in youth movement from area-to-area within the city or city-to-village-to-city, the National Capital District Commission, through its Youth Desk, has been trying to coordinate, register, analyse and find solutions to help the youth of Port Moresby.
Youth Up-skilling Program: Working in partnership with registered skills trainer, Ginigoada Business Development Company, the National Capital District Commission identifies young men and women for skills training and facilitates for this through Ginigoada, which works at finding placement with the Port Moresby Chamber of Commerce and Industry membership. To date, thousands of young people between the ages of 12-25 have undergone training in carpentry, plumbing, bricklaying, mechanics and ‘Starting Your Business’. Annually, there is a turnover of up to 100 youths who find a footing in the Formal and Informal sectors because of the work that the NCDC, through its Youth Desk, is doing in partnership with Ginigoada and the business houses of Port Moresby.
Economic Empowerment: To equip the youth better and set them on a pathway to financial empowerment, NCDC started a program in 2016/2017 with the National Development Bank through a pilot project. Called the ‘Business Incubation Centre’, the project entails the construction of a facility and the leasing of this facility to young entrepreneurs in business start-ups who, while running their respective businesses, receive ‘on-the-job’ training in business management. The project is nearing the completion of groundwork and is expected to open mid-2017.
Life-skills Training: The National Capital District Commission also avails itself to city youth who fall within the age group 12-25 in a program called ‘Boys2Men/Girls2Women’. This is in conjunction with the Up-Skills Program and is aimed at mentally and emotionally preparing the young people to bridge the gap between adolescence and adulthood as many of these young people have not had the benefit of completing formal education and may have missed out on valuable lessons taught in classrooms.
Community Development Officer, Rex Buka, who is directly in charge of the Youth Desk said in a recent interview that the biggest challenge being faced was that young people are never stationary in one place to enable easier coordination and continuity. The fluidity in movement poses a certain challenge to programs that Mr Buka hopes would change soon so the Desk can continue better with its programs.
Registered so far are eight youth groups with 50 members to a group, giving a total of 400 that the Desk works with on a regular basis.
Perhaps the most effective, far-reaching community support services provided by the National Capital District Commission of Port Moresby is Sports. The potential and the reach of Sports as a tool for Human Development has been tried and proven everywhere, with Port Moresby being no exception.
The National Capital District Commission, through its Social Services Division (Sports Desk), works closely with the national sporting body, the PNG Sports Foundation, to plan and implement sporting programs throughout the length and breadth of Port Moresby.
PNG National Games: On top of this program tier, is the PNG National Games, a mammoth task that culminates once every two years in selected provincial capitals in Papua New Guinea and is made up of up some 10,000 athletes and officials. The Sports Desk scouts local clubs in NCD and does selections, organises training, monitors training, sits for close consultation with the various sporting code and association managers, fundraises to meet the budget, liaises with the NCDC for counter-funding and manages everything in relation to Team National Capital District (NCD) participation at the Games. Team NCD often comprises up to 600 athletes and officials to any one PNG National Games and requires a budget of up to K1.5 million. The NCD Commission usually meets a good portion of the financial demands of Team NCD with the remainder left to the Sports Desk and Team NCD to meet directly through fundraising dinners and other such activities. At the Games, Team NCD has led in its performance in most of the sporting codes, testament to the time and effort put in by NCDC in elevating the standard of Sports in the National Capital.
Sports for Schools: The next program in line is the ‘Pikinini Pilai Sports’, targeting NCD schools during holidays. The idea is to engage school children in popular sports – Volleyball, Basketball and Netball. Softball and Beach Ball are currently being mooted. Interest is very high among schools and this has taken off quite successfully.
Sports for the Unemployed: ‘Holiday Games’, is another program targeting the unemployed youth of Port Moresby. It is usually held during selected public holidays such as Easter, Queens Birthday or Independence Day and has been successful in sensitizing young men and women to the idea of community-building and self-empowerment.
Sports for the Working Class: The NCD Commission also plans and coordinates the Corporate Volleyball Competition for staff and families of those within the Formal Sector. Up to 20 organisations take part annually during the ‘Off Season’, the period between November and April when the City Sports competitions go into recess. The idea behind this program is to promote Healthy Living among the Working Class and since its inception has worked very well because of Volleyball’s easier participation nature.
Sports for NCDC itself: Once every year, the Sports Desk also organises an in-house sports day for the staff of NCDC where, for the day, employees are outdoors playing Touch Rugby, Volleyball and Netball, all in gender-mixed teams.
MANAGEMENT of the City’s waste took on a more serious turn about 2013/2014 after structural changes were done within the organisation strengthening the working arm, the Waste Management Division.
Since then, the National Capital District Commission has seen to an improved level of waste management services, especially in the areas of waste collection, the upgrading of the City’s only land fill at Baruni Dump as well as Waste Management planning.
The four programs targeted are: Waste Collection & Transportation, Intermediate Treatment, Waste Disposal, and Education & Awareness.
Waste Collection: On average, NCDC spends up to K13 million a year on waste collection alone. Waste collection services are done for Domestic Households, Business Houses, Health Care facilities (medical waste), Settlements, Markets, Schools, Offices, and Motu-Koita Villages. Most of the waste collection services have been outsourced to some 30 waste collection operators who do this on a scheduled roster with NCDC managing their contracts.
Intermediate Treatment: Intermediate treatment of Waste to assist cut down on waste volume has been lacking for Port Moresby ever since the establishment of the City Council. However, with the new changes, the NCDC has been working hard by planning for three major Intermediate Treatment facilities with the first one – a Materials Recovery Facility - scheduled for completion and operation in 2018. This particular facility will be the sorting station for the different types of waste and the inclusion of a composting area. A Materials Recovery Facility is important in that it is the first solid step by the City authority/government in processing Waste in achieving its ‘Reduce, Reuse, Recycle’ Program, a trend that is now world-wide in environmental control, safeguard and conservation.
Waste Disposal: Baruni Land Fill is the only City Dump after 6 Mile reached its full capacity and had to be closed and levelled off about 2012. A more concerted effort then went into the management of Baruni, making it more controlled to receive all types of waste. These waste are now processed, spread, compacted and covered. The Commission is still continuing to make more improvements and by the end of 2017, aims to complete a Weigh Bridge that should improve Waste data collection as well as revenue-generation for the Commission. The project has received the technical and financial backing of the Japanese Government through its aid agency, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).
Education & Awareness: The biggest challenge facing NCDC in managing Port Moresby’s waste has been attributed to ‘Attitude and Behaviour’. Papua New Guineans living in Port Moresby do not seem to care where or how they dispose of their rubbish, making it extremely hard on NCDC to continually keep and manage a clean city. As a beginning to combating this big problem, young school-aged Papua New Guineans are being targeted in the Commission’s ‘3RRR Heart’ Program to sensitize them to the idea of a cleaner city environment through personal involvement of practising the ‘Reduce, Reuse, Recycle’ concept. Twenty-two (22) NCD schools are now involved in learning good waste practices and it is hoped this should impact on behavioural changes in the long run. Another sub-division of this Education & Awareness program has been to involve settlements in sorting their waste and putting them out on collection days, although a great deal of work remains to be done for settlements in this area.
On the general front, NCDC is embarking on a major Education & Awareness Strategy that it hopes will prepare Port Moresby for the new initiatives in Waste Management that it has begun in line with its Waste Management Plan 2016 – 2025, recently launched.
IN support of the National Department of Health, the National Capital District Commission works at safeguarding the health of residents of Port Moresby by enforcing and policing several health and public safety laws and by-laws.
The NCDC does this through its Health Division by emphasising the following:
Health Inspection: The Commission physically conducts inspections of all city premises and public facilities to ensure standards are maintained in accordance with relevant legislations.
Environmental Monitoring & Pollution Control (EMPC): The Commission also does this regularly to monitor and help maintain environmental pollution, maintain standards, ensure safe work places, and water & food safety through regular sample collection for laboratory analysis and advisory measures to the relevant bodies.
Health Promotion: NCDC also promotes health and works at preventing health issues through education and awareness on prevailing health matters of sanitation, child care, nutrition, life styles illnesses, environmental health and emerging & re-emerging and other health related issues with the view to improve quality of life of the residents.
Vector Control: The Commission has a vector unit that regularly sprays the City in the fight against Malaria and other mosquito-borne diseases. The Vector Control Program works at trying to reduce the incidence of mosquitoes and other urban vectors of public health importance through application of chemical, biological and engineering control measures.
Cemetery: NCDC maintains the public cemetery at 9 Mile and also concerns itself with the development, maintenance & beautification and keeping of burial records of the public cemetery as per the Cemetery and Public Health Acts.
Dog Pound/Animal Control: The Commission also has a dog pound whose administration has since been outsourced to the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA-PNG), however, the enforcement of the legislation governing this still remains with the NCDC as it falls under the Public Health Act. The facility provides for animal care and allows for public safety and convenience by minimising nuisance and problems relating to uncontrolled domestic animals.
THE National Capital District Commission supports 96 registered government schools within National Capital District in two general areas: - providing essential education infrastructure for schools including covering the cost of administration overheads (water & sewerage costs) and providing and improving resource materials to elevate education standards and achieve quality education.
The 96 NCD schools are broken down as follows: 42 Elementary Schools, 39 Primary Schools, 10 Secondary Schools, 5 Vocational Schools.
As guided by its mission statement to "provide and improve education infrastructure and training facilities and resources to schools to achieve quality education”, NCDC - through its Education Services Division - works at ensuring that these schools are well equipped with vital education resources to allow for a conducive learning environment.
NCDC does this by a) enhancing, implementing and improving existing school facilities through the Education Infrastructure Development Program, b) supplying these schools with learning materials for students with the aim of achieving quality education, and c) making sure that these schools receive water and sewerage subsidy.
Working closely with the National Department of Education, NCD Branch, the NCDC through its Education Services Division, has over the years been rehabilitating the infrastructures of Port Moresby schools.
Schools Infrastructure Development Program: A School Infrastructure Development Program targets the upgrading and development of classrooms, teachers’ houses and learning facilities and has been successful in upgrading the physical standard of most schools in the NCD.
Resource Enhancement Program: A Learning Materials Distribution Program for Quality Education is also being undertaken by the Division and has been continued over the years. This aims at improving the access to resources to help achieve quality education for children in Port Moresby. Recently, NCDC has taken an added step by providing electronic tablets to schools to complement and grow the e-granary library to allow research and quality education.
Tertiary Vocational Education Training (TVET): For Vocational Centres, the Tertiary Vocational Education Training (TVET) has very successfully given second-chance opportunities to many young people marginalized by a competitive and overloaded education system by giving them trade skills and helping them to find a footing in formal employment. Two scholarship programs, opened through the NCD Governor’s Office and the Office of the Member for Moresby South, and supported by the NCDC, provides the financial backing to these otherwise disadvantaged young men and women. Since its inception some 10 years ago, the TVET scholarships have successfully seen to the up-skilling and employment of thousands of young Papua New Guineans in NCD.
THE National Capital District Commission manages seven city markets, supports four others, and assists various smaller ‘informal’ markets throughout the National Capital District.
About 2012, it became apparent that a complete working arm should be dedicated to managing city markets and a new division dedicated solely to managing markets was established. The division is called Markets Management and is set up within the NCDC Community & Social Services department. Up to 2012, Markets was a tiny unit caught between the various divisions of the Commission where it became relevant to the bigger division’s responsibilities, leading Waste Management Division to take up the Waste aspect of Markets, Revenue Division in charge of collecting Market fees, Security to Administration Division and so forth. Today (2017), the Division is a full working arm of the Community & Social Services Department of NCDC. It has a staff ceiling of 56, with 38 employed to date. Divisional structure is done in such a way that a manager heads the top, reporting directly to the Deputy City Manager – Community & Social Services. Under the Manager are three Supervisors; one in charge of Operations, the other Planning, and yet another Finance & Budget Contracting. Three Precinct Supervisors are then placed under to take charge of the three electorates – Moresby South, Moresby North/East and Moresby North/West. Under the Precinct Supervisors come four Senior Controllers, and under these, are the two Skip Bin Truck Drivers. The 23 Market Controllers take up the ground portion of the structure; they are responsible for controlling the everyday goings-on within their respective markets.
National Capital District Commission manages Gerehu, Waigani, Tokarara, Hohola, Gordon, 6 Mile, and Boroko markets. (Saraga 6 Mile, Sabama and Koki are the other formal markets under the jurisdiction of the Office of the Member for Moresby South but supported by the NCDC with an annual grant of K160,000.) Informal markets are those smaller markets started for convenience in suburbs and areas with a lot of public access. These are not registered markets and do not come with the full services that NCDC provides to its formal markets.
Since the establishment of the Division in 2012, the Markets Management Division has gone straight into trying to upgrade and redevelop the physical and safety aspects of many of the city’s markets. The biggest of these projects is the rehabilitation of the Gordons Market, a massive exercise that will cost K30 million to achieve the satisfactory level of infrastructural design, safety standard, waste management targets, and an overall market-community deliverables. The project is being co-funded by National Capital District Commission and the Government of New Zealand. A preliminary design indicates a storey-high building with the ground level dedicated to fresh produce sale and the top level given to merchandising. The design also includes a police post, CCTV, the engagement of professional security, proper drainage and waste disposal facilities, water reserve, standby power, eating area, public forum area and a drive-in/out that ensures more control. Although delayed since 2016 because of discussions over the design and again in 2017 because of the PNG National General Elections, it is hoped the project will commence in 2018 as soon as possible.
Along this vein, the NCDC is looking at negotiations with companies for partnerships into the rehabilitation of Hohola and 6 Mile markets. The concept is to make these markets modern and contemporary, amalgamating the attributes of grocery shopping and marketing into one. Negotiations are still continuing but the development of these two markets will be done later down the line.
Gerehu Market has undergone an upgrade in 2013 while Waigani Market, rehabilitated years ago and its management handed over to the local community, has had its management returned to NCDC after this proved unsuccessful. Tokarara Market’s rehabilitation will take place after the Gordon Market is completed, while Boroko Market will eventually been confined to vendors from the Central Province only.
Running concurrently with the physical rehabilitation of city markets are human empowerment programs the NCDC has been carrying out with partner agencies. One of this worth mentioning is the Safer City Program run at Gordon Market in partnership with UN Women. The program is aimed at getting vendors better organised and giving them a voice at NCDC, whilst putting in more controls to ensure safety and security for both vendors and users of the market.
As for the Informal Markets, the Division has been improving these smaller ‘convenience’ markets by installing stalls and benches and the most immediate needs for the vendors.
The National Capital District Commission continues to work to provide a conducive market environment for both the agricultural grower vendors of Port Moresby for the opportunity to empower them financially and whilst doing so provide the public of NCD a safe, practical and aesthetically-pleasing environment to access fresh foods and vegetables.
PORT Moresby has well over 30 pieces of land designated as ‘reserves’ with their custodianship delegated to the National Capital District Commission as the municipal authority. Unfortunately, the Commission has over the recent years been in court dealing with so-called ownership titles of a good number of these reserves which have fallen into the hands of private and some corporate citizens.
Reserves already developed to parks are as follows:
Port Moresby Nature Park: Bordering North Waigani and Gerehu and situated on a lush area between the University of Papua New Guinea and Port Moresby National High School is Port Moresby Nature Park (PMNP). The Park is the National Capital’s premier recreational site dedicated to showcasing Papua New Guinean flora and fauna as well as providing the venue for events and educational visits. PMNP was once known as the National Capital Botanical Gardens managed directly by the National Capital District Commission, and before that, part of the science facility belonging to and managed by the University of PNG. In 2011, the Park went into operation as an incorporated charitable trust entity which now runs as a company. A board comprising four members from NCDC and two from the Port Moresby Chamber of Commerce & Industry oversee the administration of the company while the NCDC still provides annual supporting grants to PMNP as financial assistance. PMNP boasts many different species of native animals and plants. It also provides facilities for hire for events, hosts educational visits for schools, as well as participates in the promotion of conservation awareness and cultural preservation in events such as World Environment Day, Lukim PNG Nau Expo and Pasin Tumbuna Day. PMNP has become a leading site attraction for tourists and visitors to National Capital District with 120,000 visitors/tourists visiting the park per annum.
Port Moresby Adventure Park: This park is located at 14 Mile, 15-minute drive out of Port Moresby on a spacious location at the entrance of Pacific Adventist University on land generously leased by Seventh Day Adventist (SDA) Church. The Park is a joint-project by NCDC, SDA Church, and manager PNG Gardener. Port Moresby Adventure Park (PMAP) is a hybrid theme park that captures a bit of the two themes of fun and nature. It hosts a huge picnic area with three small lakes and picnic booths, animal and bird sanctuaries, an expansive orchid garden, and café. PMAP has become very popular among the residents of Port Moresby who seek out the place especially during weekends and holidays for picnic and recreational outings. The park is also available for hire for events and runs programs for children during school holidays. Fun facilities include two waterslides, a ferries wheel and boating rentals. The western part of the park is still being developed to include more facilities.
Jack Pidik Park: The JPP is located at 5 Mile and has come to be the main location for the implementation of NCDC’s program for urban safety sensitizing and ‘night space reclamation’ as pushed by NCD Governor Powes Parkop. Since 2013, under this program, NCDC has hosted many evening activities to encourage Port Moresby residents out of their homes. Christmas shows, some of them running over the whole month of December have been held there. Open air screening of football and rugby matches as well as movie shows are also hosted here. Day shows include Independence Celebrations, church activities, concerts, international day observations and many others are held at the park as well. In a way, JPP has become the inadvertent ‘town hall’. Unfortunately for JPP and the people of Port Moresby, this park’s ownership is being contested in court. NCDC is fighting a legal battle with one Asian retail company who claims it has ownership rights over this piece of reserve. The case is still pending.
Remembrance Park: RP is located on Healy Parade, a relatively-new road around Koki Point. As demonstrated by its name, Remembrance Park pays tribute to those who have lost their lives fighting in World War 2 on PNG soil – Papua New Guineans, Australians, New Zealanders and Americans. As such, a monument to these brave men stands tall depicting a wartime scene which has come to be the focal point for commemorative events and activities. RP is always the location for Remembrance Day commemoration and other such activities where disciplinary forces host parades and wartime veterans are given their places of honour.
Apex and Lahara parks: Apex and Lahara parks are both located in Boroko, not too far from each other. Apex hosts a large field that is used by sporting clubs for training while Lahara, created from a triangular piece of land at the point of two meeting streets, is used mostly by tribal groups for discussions and talks. NCDC has provided for these parks by planting shady trees, park benches and children’s play area.
Coronation & Customs parks: These two parks are located in Downtown Port Moresby, right in the middle of the CBD. Coronation Park is on the piece of land between the Catholic church and the Port Moresby Police Station while Customs Park is directly in front of the Port Moresby Post Office. NCDC is still working at improving these two parks. Customs Park carries on from the Australian Colonial Administration times when town landscaper HW Champion turned this space into a beautiful garden that was known to give Port Moresby one of its few flowery sites.
Constitution Park: CP is located opposite the PNG National Museum & Art Gallery along the road past Parliament gate. Part of the land over the small creek has been turned into a Cultural Village that hosts culturally-themed events and activities. CP is quite popular among lunch-goers, most of them government workers located in Waigani.
Ela Beach Sea Park: This park, both as a beach and park, will be completed toward the end of 2018 and is expected to be the biggest and best public parks in Port Moresby and quite probably the whole of PNG. Work has begun in February 2017 and when completed, it will host a clean well-kept beach, a 2000-capacity amphitheatre, a saltwater swimming pool, sports courts, arts & craft market area, restaurants and cafes, and ample car parking space along a four-lane upgraded road. This new beach/park will be of international standard and will easily become an icon of Port Moresby.
National Capital District Commission also plants and manages the gardens of Port Moresby on public reserves and areas. Landscape, beautification and city cleaning have been outsourced since 2007 to landscape company, PNG Gardener. A small Parks & Gardens Division of NCDC still plants trees along city roads and implements a reforestation program on Port Moresby hillsides to prevent soil erosion. Since 2003, over 32 hectares of hillside lands have been replanted with some 35,000 Neem and Glyricidae trees while up to 25,000 ornamental trees planted along city roads for aesthetics, pedestrian shade and the securing of reserve land. NCDC Parks & Gardens has also installed children’s play stations in many of the parks and occupies itself with making sure public reserves and fields are tidy and clean.
THE National Capital District Commission caters for the safety of Port Moresby through three different areas - crime prevention, disaster management, and city policing.
Crime-diversionary Program: The Yumi Lukautim Mosbi (Let Us Look After Moresby) Project is a crime-diversionary project initiated under the Law and Justice Sector Program, co-funded by the governments of Australia and Papua New Guinea and spearheaded by the National Capital District Commission initially when it started in 2004. It was set up to help marginalised NCD youths with skills upgrading and job placement. About 2013, the project came under the full management of NCDC and placed under the care of the Urban Safety Division. YLMP still continues to work with settlement youths in outreach and empowerment programs to help them find a better life instead of resorting to crime as a means of survival.
Disaster Management: NCDC also handles issues dealing with threats facing Port Moresby. The City has not yet faced any major disaster relating to the weather or manmade disasters. Most imminent are flash floods along storm water drains during monsoons where several people are reported to have been washed away.
Police Support: The NCDC Reserve Police comprise 70 members with 100 more currently being recruited. These members come from within NCDC as well as outside. They are passed through with proper police training at the Royal PNG Constabulary headquarters. The NCDC Reserve Police are divided into eight teams, stationed to look after eight locations in the City. NCDC Reservists do foot and motorised patrols, assist in NCDC operations such as demolitions, evictions and inspections as well as helping in the general upkeep of peace and order in the City.