Preventing kidney failure

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Changing your diet can help prevent you from contracting chronic kidney disease (CKD) or kidney failure. Cutting down on sweets, carbohydrates and salt are some ways that will help prevent us from contracting chronic kidney disease.

Dr Steven Bogosia of Papua New Guinea Kidney Foundation (PNGKFI) and Port Moresby General Hospital (PMGH) said cutting down on this type of food will not kill you but can help save your life while adding more organic food -  fruits, vegetables and water  - in your daily diet will help prevent your kidney from failing. Kidney disease is irreversable, he added.

Dr Bogosia said every week five out of 10 patients were admitted to the PMGH with kidney diseases, leading it to become a real problem in the country.

“In PNG, we don’t have proper machines or medication to treat kidney failure,” he said..

He appealed to the people to practice preventive healthcare in order to avoid contracting chronic kidney disease. Dr Bogosia said the only treatment for kidney failure is transplant, that’s if your close families or others are willing to donate their kidney to you.

“However if they don’t donate their kidneys to you, then that’s the end of the road for you,” said Dr Bogosia.

According to Dr Bogosia, in PNG there are not transplant programmes available, so patients are referred overseas for treatment which is very expensive and could cost up to K400,000. This year’s theme for World Kidney Day is ‘Obesity’ which is one of the main causes of diabetes and high blood pressure that leads to kidney failure.

High blood pressure and diabetes can cause kidney failure, because too many sugar inside the blood will burn your kidney when it is trying to cleanse and digest it to your body. Dr Bogosia said no exercise at all and regular consuming of sweets and carbohydrates without due care will lead to diabetes and kidney failure.

According to 2010 Global Burden of Disease study, one million people from middle-income countries like Papua New Guinea die annually from untreated kidney failure or chronic kidney disease (CKD). This is mainly because treatment with dialysis or kidney transplantation creates is very expensive for the majority of the people who need it.

Many people cannot afford treatment at all resulting in the death of over millions of people annually from untreated kidney failure. World Kidney Day is a global awareness campaign aimed at raising awareness on the importance of our kidneys and is celebrated every year. All across the globe many hundred events take place from public screenings in USA, Australia, Brazil and Argentina to Zumba marathons in Malaysia.

All these celebrations are aimed at creating awareness about preventive behaviour’s, risk factors and how to live with a kidney disease.

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